Adelina “Addie” McIntyre Garris

1869 – Bef. 1937

Cited by William Ashby and the Afro American as one of the earliest African American teachers in Newark. Lived at 13 Academy St. Listed as “Mulatto” on the 1880 census and “White” on the 1895 and 1930 Censuses. Attended Commerce Street School.

When she graduated the Newark High School the Newark News wrote, “Among the girl graduates was Adelina McIntyre a colored girl who is credited by her teachers with a high standing in her class throughout the course.” The New York Freeman wrote, “Through the four year course Ms. McIntyre passed credibly…her average ranging from 85 to 95 percent…She is to be congratulated on her success”.

Graduated the Newark Normal School in 1887. The New York Freeman called her “an accomplished young miss”. Then they wrote in September of James Baxter, “his assistants are…Addie McIntyre, this being this young lady’s first attempt as a teacher”.

By 1888 was an Assistant Teacher at the Colored School. Was a school teacher through at least 1905.

Had a baby in 1906, and afterwards no longer listed as a teacher (no 1910 census, 1915 census no job).

In 1913, a dinner was given in her honor in Paterson.


Ashby, William. “Reflections on the Life of Negroes in Newark

Progress in Newark, N.J.” Afro American Sept 11, 1937, pg. 22

Census Records

Newark Board of Education Report 1887 , 1888 1899, 1902 , 1883

Essays and Flowers” Newark News Jun 25, 1886

“Newark Entertainments” New York Freeman Jul 3, 1886

“Newsy Newark Notes” New York Freeman Jul 2, 1887

“Newsy Newark Notes” New York Freeman Sept 18, 1887

“Paterson, N.J.” The New York Age Oct 23, 1913