(Clara) Irene Pataquam Mulford

c.1854- 1945

In 1872, first African American pupil to attend the Newark High School. Previously African American students attended the Colored School. She had to sit alone in the last seat because she wasn’t allowed to sit next to a white pupil. However, she said she was treated with “consideration” and one teacher was very kind and made her editor of the class paper. She is listed as a graduate in 1876.

She married James Mulford.

Her daughter Mae Mulford taught in the Newark schools for 42 years. Her daughter Eva was a nurse.

Newark News, Sept 29, 1945 pg 12 col. 1

Baltimore Afro American Mar 11, 1939


Wright, Marion T. Mr. Baxter’s School

Sixteenth Annual Report of the Board of Education for 1872 (N ew ­
ark, 1872) p. 52.

Wright, Marion T. The Education of Negroes in New Jersey.

“Services Today for Miss Mulford” Star Ledger Dec 16, 1970

“Mrs. Clara I Mulford, 91” Newark News Sept 29, 1945 pg. 12

“NJ Woman 85 Recalls Abe’s Assassination” Baltimore Afro American Mar 11, 1939